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Why Remote Invigilation is Necessary for Online Assessments

Traditional invigilation is the process of watching over a student while they sit for an exam. In an online environment it is known as proctoring, remote invigilation, online invigilation, online proctoring or even remote online proctoring. Instead of travelling to a place where an exam candidate sits for their exam, they can now take their exam from anywhere using their computer as long as they have a quite room with an internet connection.

Since the arrival of coronavirus many businesses have been forced to pivot how they run their business. Whether it’s a high school having to teach students via Zoom or an events company having to change from face to face events/parties to running a virtual murder mystery party. We have all had to adapt and ensuring the academic integrity of online assessments is no different, changes have to be made to traditional exams.

Remote invigilation gives flexibility and convenience to both the candidate and the institute assessing the student. At the time of examination, students can click on the assessment link on their Learning Management System (LMS) which triggers the invigilation system to open. The student is then verified using AWS facial recognition matched against their photo ID to ensure it’s the right candidate for the exam and then monitoring begins for the entire examination to ensure that no cheating occurs.

Reach Beyond the Exam Hall by Remote Invigilation / Online Proctoring

If you want to conduct proper exams online and want to make sure that there is no fraud, you can count on IRIS Invigilation to provide proctored exams system. No need to download software onto your computer, the IRIS extension is a Chrome/Edge plugin that students can easily add to their browser and then delete after their assessment.

The use of remote invigilation by IRIS gives candidates a great deal of flexibility as they can take their exam from anywhere allowing online studies more accessible to all. IRIS also reduces the costs of exams significantly, as overheads associated with face-to-face exams are removed.

What are IRIS’s features?

IRIS records a student’s face for the full exam time. For example, for a three-hour exam, you have three hours of footage of their head and shoulders and all audio is recorded. Additionally, every 5-10 seconds (you can set this) a photo of screen activity (the whole screen) is taken and this footage is then made into another video for reviewers to view post assessment. IRIS includes AI flagging of all recordings. Timeline spikes indicate cheating behaviours (facial markers, tracking iris and audio) and short snapshots of footage where potential cheating is detected feature in the IRIS dashboard for easy monitoring and to make it easier and quicker for staff e.g. lecturers don’t have time to watch a three-hour video.

How does IRIS work?

IRIS uses facial tracking to follow a students head and eye (iris) movement and records audio. For best results we encourage students to make sure their workspace is well lit with a neutral background and if they wear glasses we recommend they tilt their screen to ensure their eyes aren’t obscured.

Once an exam is finalized and submitted IRIS will close itself down automatically. Students will no longer have any interaction with IRIS and students cannot watch their own recordings. The IRIS dashboard is just for the institutes staff e.g lecturers, academics, trainers. Each recording will be given a flagged percentage % (predicting potential dishonest behaviour) once the recording is uploaded to IRIS. Staff can view recordings in the Summary and Full Report that feature on the IRIS dashboard. In the Full Report, green spikes on the video timeline indicate sound detected e.g. student talking to someone and the orange spikes indicate that IRIS cannot track your iris and/or the facial markers cannot track your face. In the Summary you can see a text list of all activity and snap shots of footage where IRIS has indicated potential cheating behaviours.

Why Do We Need Online Remote proctoring?

Distant assessments and invigilation means that there are no boundaries to education and learning. The growth in e-Learning, and the proliferation of online exams have created a favorable ground for the development of advanced remote proctoring systems.

Therefore, many factors influence the triggering of this request, and interpreting them will help to understand the need for remote testing better.

Why Should Universities Use Online Remote Proctoring?

Online remote proctoring has two purposes - one for teachers and the other for students.

For Teachers

The use of IRIS software facilitates the reliability of knowledge sharing and maintaining academic integrity. Institutes have invested time to train teachers in advanced fields and they want to ensure that the knowledge shared is being learnt effectively. They want to be confident that students can pass an exam without cheating and IRIS helps them achieve this goal. Universities prefer to conduct distance examinations and assessments using remote invigilation to certify that students are learning and not cheating.

For students

Universities use the online remote proctoring feature to stop remote fraud and impersonation concerns in online exams. Remote proctoring exams ensure a smooth process with careful monitoring of students, elimination of unwanted events, and effective post exam review.

Features of a Good Remote Invigilation Tool

Here are some basics to look for when selecting your Online Remote Proctoring Tool:

1) Easy and quick configuration with any Learning Management System (LMS) - Selecting a software that integrates its proctoring services with any existing LMS provides a seamless experience for the candidate. For example, IRIS is already set up to run exams on several LMS’s such as Moodle with excellent proctoring service.
2) Strength to withstand thousands of simultaneous exams without compromising the candidate's experience - Online monitoring involves many tasks and actions related to data processing. IRIS can be scaled up to meet any demand required whether it be 200 students or 20,000.
3) Better automation and AI features (algorithms) ensures improved quality data - Many premium features are readily available, depending on the needs of the customers, providing a seamless review experience.
4) A comprehensive post exam report provides an in-depth analysis of the performance of the candidates and includes a section-wise assessment to maintain transparency.

For more information or do try our a FREE demo please contact the IRIS Invigilation team today. 

LMS - Learning Management Systems are a platform for digital learning. The main features are briefly explained below:

L – Learning
With an LMS, you can create a single source of online courses and training materials. It will become a unique source of knowledge in your area so that you can keep and enhance your company's internal expertise.

M – Management
You can manage courses and students to improve your institutes performance. Unlike file-sharing services, an LMS is not just a collection of files/folders; rather, it is an organized system where you manage your training process more efficiently. To start training, add staff and assign courses.

Thanks to features like a calendar, you can assign and manage not only online assessments but also the class sessions. In this way, an LMS is a must-have application designed specifically for eLearners.

S – System
The computer system, where you manage everything online. An LMS automates the most tedious and arduous work such as standardization, statistics processing and report preparation. In addition, you can train your employees without leaving the office and manage all the processes from your personal computer/laptop.

In other words, LMS - Learning Management Systems are like your own online university. The system allows you to save and create eLearning courses, allowing learners to access content and evaluate results.

Types of LMS

Now that you know what LMS is, it is time to find out which learning sites exist and how they differ. Here are the details about the different types of LMS:

Corporate vs. Academic LMS

Both corporate and educational LMSs provide access to online learning materials and automate different aspects of the training process, but there are some differences between them.

Learning Objectives

Academic learning aims to produce good students with in-depth knowledge of the subjects and to strive to learn more. Here, theoretical knowledge is the ultimate goal. Corporate training focuses on learning related to practical applications, and one of its main objectives is return on investment.

Course chronology

For work training, time limits are limited, so a corporate LMS must be compatible with all time frames and business needs. Semesters, quarters and trimesters - these are the periods for educational institutions. According to them, an LMS should provide planning units such as holidays, exam times and periods.

Standards vs. Certifications

The corporate learning platform usually offers the ability to monitor and complete in the form of certificates. An educational LMS usually monitors the progress of learners through its grading system. It provides quality books for tracking attendance and work results, as well as other information for each student.

Tools for social learning

Other activities that an educational learning site usually offers include class plans and breakout sessions, discussion boards and skills for creating student groups for a built-in web-conferencing tool.

LMS limitations you may encounter

1. Built-in course teachers usually have strict functional limits, so you can only create simple courses or tests.

2. Not all LMS and creative tools are fully compatible. For example, there may be problems uploading courses on the computer or monitoring learners' progress.

If you want to avoid compatibility issues and create seamless interactive courses, you can use an LMS with the integrated creative tool. For example, Moodle LMS is fully integrated suite. This LMS allows you to create professional-looking e-courses, easily upload them to the platform, and enjoy advanced reporting skills.

What are the benefits of LMS - Learning Management Systems?

There are several obvious benefits to using LMS for businesses and learners:

1. Unlimited access to learning content anytime, anywhere
2. Staying on top of the required training
3. Knowledge will increase engagement
4. Retention of knowledge

Why your institute should be using one for online assessments?

There is no universal agreement on the full set of standard LMS features, but in general, you can divide all learning management requirements into some basic and advanced features:

Users Management - This user management feature enables you to add and edit users, assign roles to them, and link learners into groups and organizations.

Course Management - This feature provides learning materials. Delivery is not only about uploading courses but also tailoring what content goes to whom.

Progress Monitoring - This feature evaluates learner performance. Their progress can be measured at different time intervals or at the end of the course.

Advanced LMS features

Content creation - Some learning sites have a built-in editor that allows you to create simple experiments and courses.

ILD Classroom - If you offer mixed learning, you should support your LMS classroom-based learning efforts (e.g. managing classroom schedules, monitoring attendance and performance).

Mobile learning - Most LMSs allow learners to train anytime, anywhere, on any device. Some of them have their mobile apps, where users can watch the courses even offline.

Social learning - If you want to motivate or encourage your learners to share knowledge, you need the learning management system with social tools. Example - social media, they allow you to publish the articles, discuss your colleagues' posts, and like and share content.

White labeling and customization - With this great LMS feature, you can simply create a completely unique learning platform and maintain brand consistency within your e-learning experience.

Configuration - The use of rewards elements (points, awards, ratings, badges, etc.) can improve learner engagement and motivation to read harder.

Certification - Some sites have the option of issuing certificates after users have completed a course or test. This can be very helpful for companies that run professional certifications regularly.

Integrations - If you want to synchronize your company data with LMS, you need a system that supports the third-party integrations like salesforce CRM, video conferencing tools and more.

Announcements - Announcements help learners to prioritize things: their course completion, tasks, achievements, ideas, upcoming events and more.

Course Library - There are learning sites with a built-in library of ready-made online courses covering different topics.

IRIS Invigilation software can connect with any LMS. If you are looking for invigilation or remote proctoring software then contact the IRIS team today to request a demo.

 

At this time, many universities are conducting exams online. This trend has been accelerated in recent months due to the COVID-19 cases are on the rise, and exam centres and health centres are closing. The number of applicants competing for admission is directly proportional to the reputation of the university as a learning centre. Therefore, when conducting high-scoring exams online, universities and organization often think of ways prevent candidates from cheating – especially if the candidate is trying to take an exam online from long distance places.

It’s not hard to believe, but in the education industry one of the most searched internet queries revolves around ways to cheat on invigilated online exams. It is well known that fraud in online exams is on the rise, and there is no denying that students will always invent new ways to beat proctoring technologies. 

In this blog, we list 10 unique ways in which students try to cheat in online exams, in addition to evaluating smart technologies that can help prevent such an event.

1. Screen Sharing/Reflection:

When taking an exam from faraway places, candidates can use multiple monitors to approach a friend’s exam question simultaneously and provide answers. Candidates are known to use screen sharing to cheat in tests.

2. Using High-Tech Equipment:

Students will often find ways to cheat in an online exam involving cameras. Companies conducting high-tech online exams such as CAT, MAT and other competitive exams, have recently been cited, with test-takers using smaller, practically undetectable Bluetooth devices.

Candidates use calculators that can store formulas and other data so that they can get higher marks in their exam. Test takers have agreed to use high-tech devices to address their concerns about how to cheat in an online exam. They also said that some students use traditional fraudulent methods such as hand-written notes and even writing on their bodies and palms.

3. Mobiles Phones:

In invigilated online exams, fraud, using smartphones is on the rise. Connected devices help candidates store answers and help fellow test-takers find answers from each other or external sources.

4. Auto Coding Software:

Candidates are known to use auto coding software to clear the exam during school/university exams or during recruitment programming tests. These types of software create such programs, without the candidate writing any code themselves.

5. Navigation Offers:

Student misused easy access to the internet and social media tools to commit fraud during online exams. During the test, they tend to log in to unauthorized websites, paste questions into the URL, and find the best solution they can steal.

6. Impersonation:

Taking the test for someone else is a famous trick or an idea borrowed from the plot of famous TV shows. However, when the exams are offered remotely online, the chances of a candidate using an impersonator to come to the exam on other's behalf are very high. There is no need to use any fraudulent devices or methods; Ask a high achieving student to take the test for you. Many testers have been using impersonators to destroy so-called 'high-integrity' tests for years.

7. Use of External Devices:

In online exams, fraud masterminds often use hard drives, USBs, microSDs and other external smart devices that are easy to hide and challenging to detect. Before or after the test, students insert them to make a copy of online exams so they can sell it to other students post exam, or share it online.

8. Their family and friends are present in the room:

One of the most common ways to cheat on multiple-choice tests or quizzes online is to help a family member or friend get close to those who come to the test. These assistants are parked away from the webcam or behind the screen.

They write the answer on a block chain or whisper softy. When engaged in unreasonable ways, such students often hide their faces, disappear from the screen, look around the room, or make suspicious gestures when contacting assistants for the desired response.

9. Copy-pasting and other keyboard shortcuts:

One of the most common types of cheating in online exams is copying and pasting the answers. Students can often copy and paste answers from documents or notepads, which will be prepared in a separate window before the test begins. These are simple ways to trick some remote proctoring software who have no information about what is happening on the screen. IRIS Invigilation software does record screen activity so in this case the student would be caught cheating.


10. Deliberately exit from the test:

Students who think about how to cheat online tests often try to outdo the software by deliberately excluding themselves from the exam. They use excuses such as poor internet connection or power outage to create a way to exit the exam and shut down the camera recording so they can quickly look up answers to questions in the exam. Then they log back in again and continue on with their assessment. Some students outright lie and say they cannot access the software at all but really they are making excuses to avoid being invigilated.

How IRIS can help reduce online exam fraud

IRIS is the complete remote proctoring solution that is secure, scalable, cost-effective and customizable to suit clients’ needs.

IRIS records live footage and audio from the student's computer's microphone and video from their webcam and takes continuous screenshots of what the student sees on their computer screen. Facial markers are identified and monitored; classifying and differentiating innocent behaviors from dishonest behaviors.

Traditional methods of real-time stimulation are expensive and time consuming for educators and evaluators. IRIS targets or `flags” videos that require evaluation to prioritize students in need of further investigation and to manage staff workload.

Best Remote Proctoring:

IRIS’ auto proctoring algorithm is trained to detect a dynamic set of anti-fraud features and is designed to flag suspicious events such as face/presence loss, mobile phone detection, extra person presence, distracted eye movement and more.

IRIS is a sophisticated tool that provides a complete academic integrity solution to ensure the quality of your online assessments is maintained and your students are held accountable for their actions. IRIS Invigilation software and can be easily integrated with any Learning Management System (LMS). Contact the IRIS team today to find out how we can help you.